Number of Servants in a Household
This information dates to 1825 but is most likely correct throughout the later Georgian period.
The following represent the expected/likely number of servants for a household of a given income.
|£ 100 or guineas||A Widow or other unmarried Lady , may keep
|£ 150 to £ 180||A Gentleman and Lady without Children , may afford to keep
|About £ 200||Ditto .
|£ 300||Ditto, with one, two, or three Children|
|£ 400||Ditto , Ditto . three female Servants , or two and a Boy ; viz .
|£ 500||Ditto , Ditto . Three females and a Boy ; viz
|£ 500 to £ 600||A Gentleman and Lady with Children . Three Females and one Man ; viz . |
|£ 600 to £ 750||Ditto , Ditto . Three Females and two Men ; viz .|
|£ 1000 to £ 1500||Ditto , Ditto . Four Females and three Men ; viz . |
|£ 1500 to £ 2000||Ditto , Ditto . Six Female and five Men Servants ; viz . |
|£ 2000 to £ 3000||Ditto , Ditto . Eight Female and eight Men Servants ; viz . |
|£ 3000 to £ 4000||Ditto , Ditto . Nine Female and eleven Male Servants ; viz . |
|£ 4000 to £ 5000||Ditto , Ditto . Eleven Female and thirteen Male Servants ; viz . |
Besides the ordinary Establishment of Servants , Noblemen and Gentlemen of superior fortune employ Land-Stewards , Bailiffs , Wood wards , Game-Keepers Park-Keepers , Hunts men , Whippers-in , Racing-Grooms , Jockies , and others of inferior capacities : also Men Cooks , Groom of the Chambers , Page , Lady's Coachman , Postillion and Footman , Seam stress , Second Lady's-Maid , Chamber-Maids , Boy for the Steward's Room , another for the Hall , and various other Servants
The following annual wages would be paid at the household establishment of a Country Gentleman with an income of around 16,000-18,000 pounds per annum.
|A French Man-Cook||80|
|Groom-His Liveries and a Gratuity|
|Nursery-Room Boy , Clothes and a gratuity|
|Head Game-Keeper 70 Guineas a year, and 13s per Week for Board-Wages ; a Cottage and Firing|
|Under Ditto, one Guinea per Week|
|Gardener 40 Guineas a year, and 13s per Week for Board-Wages ; a House and Firing|
|Assistant Ditto, 12s per Week|
The Board Wages of Servants in general , when the family is absent , is 10s . per Week , for the females , and 12s . per Week for males . -Perhaps all the servants on a large establish ment may be reckoned at an average of 10s . per head , per Week , expense , for Board . The Men are allowed a Pot of Ale per day , and the Women a Pint , besides table-beer .
Source: Samuel and Sarah Adams, The Complete Servant: Being A Practical Guide To The Peculiar Duties And Business Of All Descriptions Of Servants, 1825