## The Pharmacopeia Extemporanea

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### Decoctions

Take Malaga Raisins stoned and chop'd to pieces 2 ounces; Roots of Sarsa, China, Liquorice, each half an ounce; Shavings of Hartshorn and Ivory, each 2 drams; Tops of St. Johns Wort 1 handful; boil in fine clear Barly Water 3 pints to 30 ounces; adding...

Take Roots of Calamus Aromaticus, Gentian, each 2 drams; Galangale 4 scruples; Herbs of Centory and dried Wormwood, Flowers of Camomile and Stechas, each 1 dram; make a Decoction in Water 3 pints to 2, adding at the last Caraway-seeds bruis'd half an...

Take Polypodium roots 2 ounces; Ash tree-bark, Tamarinds, each half an ounce; Raisins 1 ounce; Cream of Tartar 2 drams; boil in Water 20 ounces to 12; to the Liquor when strain'd, add White Wine 4 ounces; Juice of Lemons half an ounce; Senna 1 ounce;...

Take Guaiacum, Sassaphras, each 2 drams; Male Piony root 1 ounce; dried Sage, Marjoram, Betony, Arabian Stechas-flowers, each half an handful; boil in Water 3 pints to 28 ounces; to the strain'd Liquor, add compound Piony Water, compound Syrup of Piony,...

A Decoction against Scrophule.

Take Herb Robert, white Horehound, Smalage, Agrimony, each 1 handful; Dill seed half an ounce; boil in Water 3 pints to 1 quart, and strain.

A Decoction against the Scurvy.

Take Pine (or Firr) tops cut small 4 handfuls ; Winters bark bruised half an ounce; boil in Water 1 quart to 20 ounces; pouring into it at last, Juice of Dandelion 4 ounces; strain, and when its cold add Spirit of Scurvy grass half an ounce; Horse Radish...

Take Sarsa 6 ounces; Currants cut small 8 ounces; Infuse (according to Art) and boil in Water 6 quarts, when its cold, quench in it Calx vive half a pound; let it stand to subside, then pour off the clear, and put it into Bottles.

Take Mallows 2 handfuls; Violet leaves, Groundsel, each 1 handful; Camomile flowers, Flax-seed, each 2 drams; sweet Fennel- seed half an ounce; make a Decoction in Water 1 pint and half to 1 pint; which strain out for use.

A Decoction for the Bite of a Mad Dog.

Take Turners Chips of Box wood, Male Piony-seed, each 1 ounce; Herbs of Sage, Wood Sage, Betony, Sanicle, Angelica, Devils-bit, Woody Night Shade, each 1 handful; boil these in Water 5 pints to 4, and strain it off.

Take yellow and red Sanders, each 2 drams; Guaiacum, Sassafras, each half an ounce; Liquorice 1 ounce and half; Raisins 1 ounce; boil in fine Barly Water 3 pints to 1 quart; adding at last Juice of Hounds-Tongue leaves 4 ounces; strain it.

Take powder'd Bole Armoniac 1 ounce; soft white Chalk 3 ounce; boil in Water 3 pints to 26 ounces; strain and set it by to subside; then having poured off the clear, add Diascordium half an ounce; Cinnamon Water, Syrup of Quinces and of dried Roses, each...

Take Agaric (sliced and tied up in a Rag) 2 drams; boil it in Water to 3 ounces adding towards the last Cloves bruised half a dram; to the Liquor when strain'd and quite cold add Scammony prepared 4 grains; Syrup of Roses solutive 1 ounce; Oil of Aniseed...

A Decoction of Barberry Rinds.

Take Barberry rinds, Turmerick, each half an ounce; Celandine 4 handfuls; Goose-dung (tied up in a rag) 2 ounces; boil in Water 2 pints and half, towards the last adding White Wine half a pint; Saffron 1 scruple; reduce it to 1 quart, and strain it out.

Take Burdock Roots 4 ounces; Chamaepitys 4 handfuls; boil in Water 3 pints to 28 ounces; strain and add Magistral Worm Water 4 ounces; Spirit of Scurvy Grass, Elixir Proprietatis Tartaris'd, each 2 drams, mix.

A Decoction of Catechu compound.

Take Guaiacum, Sassaphras, each 3 drams; yellow and red Sanders, each 2 drams; the blackest part of Japanic Earth powdered half an ounce; Liqourice 1 ounce; dried Sage 1 handful; boil in Barly Water 3 pints to 30 ounces; strain it out, and set it by to...

A Decoction of Catechu simple.

Take Japanic Earth 2 drams; boil in Water 1 pint to 12 ounces; let it stand to subside then having powred out the clearest, add strong Cinnamon Water, Syrup of Quinces (or of dried Roses) each 2 ounces mix.

Take Ground Pine dried 2 handfuls; Flowers of Stechas 2 drams; Male Piony root 1 ounce; boil in Water 3 pints to 1 quart; strain and add Spirit of Scurvy Grass, and of Lavender compound, each 1 dram, mix.

Take Mercury vive 2 ounces; Dittany of Creet 2 drams, powder'd Coralline half an ounce; boil in Purslane Water 1 pint and half to 14 ounces; then its strain'd and separated from the Mercury, sweeten it with Syrup of Lemons 2 ounces.

Take Hemp-seed bruised 3 ounces; Agrimony, Shepherds pouch, Plantain, Knot grass, each 1 handful and a half; boil in Water, 2 quarts to 2 quarts; edulcorate the strained Liquor with Sugar 4 ounces; or with Syrup of dried Roses.

Take Horse Tail Herb 6 handfuls; midling Quinces cut to pieces 3; Sumach, Myrtle berries, each 1 ounce and half; Red Roses dried 1 handful and a half; Balaustines 3 drams; boil in Water 9 pints to 5 pints and a half; adding towards the last, Gum...

Take Hounds-Tongue leaves 2 handfuls; Liquorice half an ounce; Raisins 2 ounces; boil in Water 2 pints and half to 30 ounces; adding at last, Anniseeds half an ounce; to the strain'd Liquor add Diacodium 2 ounces; mix.

Take Juniper berries (well bruised, and tied up in a rag) 4 ounces; boil them in Canary Wine 3 pints to 1 quart, and strain.

Take Raisins of the Sun stoned, and chopped small 4 ounces; boil in good drinking Water 3 pints to 1 quart; and stain.

Take Conserve of Red Roses 2 ounces; Malaga Raisins stoned 1 ounce; Liquorice, Melon seeds, each half an ounce; Barly Water 3 pints, boil to 1 quart, and run it through a Flannel bag several times, 'till it be pretty clear, then set it by to fine by...

Take Sarsa 3 ounces; Raisins 1 ounce and half; Infuse according to Art, and decoct in Water 2 quarts to 1 quart; in the strin'd Liquor dissolve Spanish Juice of Liquorice 2 drams.

Take Pearl Barly half an ounce; Roots of Scorzonera 2 ounces; Roots of Sorrel 1 ounce; Wood Sorrel leaves 1 handful; Parings of 2 Pippins; boil in Water 3 pints to 28 ounces , strain and sweeten with Syrup of Lemon and Raspberries, each 2 ounces.

Take Sorrel roots, Raisins of the Sun ston'd and chop'd small, each 2 ounces; Liquorice, Pearl Barly, each half an ounce; boil in running Water, 3 pints to 1 quart, strain and add Syrup of Lemons 1 ounce, mix.

Take Tamarinds 2 ounces; Raisins stoned 4 ounces; boil in fair Water 3 pints to 1 quart, which strain.

Take Guaiacum 4 ounces; Sassaphras 2 ounces; Sanders both red and yellow, each 1 ounce; Ivory, Harts-horn, each half an ounce; infuse and boil according to Art in Water 6 quarts to 3 quarts; then strain, and sweeten with Sugar so as to amke it grateful.

Take Water Trefoil dried, Ground Pine, each half an ounce; Bitter sweet 1 handful; Bay berries, Stechas flowers, each 2 drams; boil in Water 3 pints to 1 quart; towards the last, adding Juice of Rue 1 ounce, strain.

Take Turneps cut into slices 2 pound; Herbs Hounds tongue, Colts foot, each 1 handful; Raisins of the Sun 1 ounce; Liquorice half an ounce; boil in Barly Water 2 quarts to 1 quart, adding at last Coriander seed bruised half an ounce; let it stand close...

A Decoction of Walnut rinds Purging.

Take Walnut rinds prepar'd as above said half an ounce; Agarick (tied up) 1 dram; cloves 15 grains; Salt of Tartar half a dram; boil in Water 10 ounces to 4; to the strain'd add Elixir Proprietatis tartaris'd 60 drops; Scammony powder'd 2 grains; Oil of...

Take the Rind of Walnut tree root 1 ounce and half; bruise, and let it lie infusing warm (in an Earthen or Glass Vessel) 8 hours in Elder Vinegar, then dry it. To these Rinds thus prepar'd, add Caper bark half an ounce; tops of Tamarisk, Agrimony, each 2...

Take Yarrow 2 handfuls; Archangel with a white Flower, Hounds tongue, each 1 handful; Red Sanders half an ounce; boil in Water 2 pints and half to 1 quart; adding at last Japanic Earth powder'd 2 drams; Mace bruised 1 dram, strain.

Take Shavings of Ivory half an ounce; Roots and Leaves of Strawberries 4 handfuls; White Wine Tartar powder'd an ounce; Salt of Tartar 2 drams; boil in Water 1 quart to 1 pint and half; to the strained add Mint water, Magistral Worm water, each 2 ounces;...

Take roots of Quich Grass, Butchers Broom, Fennel, Parsly, each 1 ounce; Herbs of Cleavers, Dandelion, each 1 handful; Currants chopp'd small 2 ounces; boil in Water 3 pints to 28 ounces; strain, add Salt Prunel 2 drams; Syrup of the 5 Opening roots 4...

Take roots of Fennel, Sparagus, each 2 ounces; Water- Cherries 16; Golden rod 2 handfuls; boil in Water and White Wine (added towards the last) each 18 ounces to 22 ounces; to the strained Liquor add Horse Radish Water compound 2 ounces; Juice of Parsley...

A Magistral Decoction of Mallows.

Take Mallow leaves whole 8 handfuls; boil in Water 4 quarts to 3; let the Liqour run through a Sieve or Cullender of it self, without squeezing, put into it more whole Mallows 4 handfuls; boil again to 2 quarts, strain again as before, let it stand to...

Take Roots of Marsh Mallows 1 ounce and half; Liquorice half an ounce; Golden rod 2 handfuls; Pellitory of the Wall, Marsh Mallows, each 1 handful; Figs 4; Juniper berries, Seeds of Macedonian Parsly, Burdock, Gromwell (the Seeds to be added about the...

Take white Poppy Heads (without the seeds) 1 ounce, cut and boil in Water 3 pint to 28 ounces; adding at last, dried Cowslip flowers 2 drams; in the strained Liquor dissolve Diascordium 2 drams; Syrup of Meconium 3 ounces; Syrup of Lemons 1 ounce, mix.

Take Pearl Barly, Raisins of the Sun ston'd each 1 ounce; Figs, Dates, each 8; Liquorice half an ounce; Aniseed (added at last) 2 drams; make a Decoction in Water 3 pints to 1 quart; which strain out for use.

Take of the Pectoral Decoction 1 quart; juice of Stone Horse dung 2 ounces; Oil of Anniseed 8 drops; white Sugar 1 ounce, mix.

Take Fumitory, Ragwort, each 1 handful; Liquorice 1 ounce; Argent vive 4 ounces; boil in Water 2 pints and half to 1 quart; strain, and (the Argent being taken out) sweeten with Sugar, or give it as 'tis.

Take Turmerick bruised 1 ounce; Rhubarb, Spikenard, each 1 dram; Kernels of Ash keys half an ounce; Agrimony, Ceterach, each 1 handful; Tamarisk tops 2 handfuls; boil in Water 3 pints to 24 ounces; strain and add Magistral Worm Water, Syrup of the 5...

Take Bark of Capers and Ash tree, each 2 ounces; tops of Tamarisk, Agrimony, each 2 handful; Salt of Tartar 2 drams; boil in Water 2 pints and half; (adding at last White Wine half a pint; Spikenard 2 drams;) to 26 ounces of it when strained add Magistral...

Take roots of Nettle and Comfrey, each 1 ounce and half; Herbs Yarrow, Plantain, each 1 handful; Pomgranate peel, Gum Arabick, each 2 drams; Seeds of white Poppy, Henbane, each 3 drams; boil in Water 3 pints to 28 ounces; strain and add Sugar of Lead 1...

Take Scorzonera roots 1 ounce and half; Liquorice half an ounce; Figs 8; Raisins stoned 1 ounce; shaved Hartshorn 2 drams; boil in Barly Water 3 pints to 30 ounce, adding (when three quarters boiled) Cochineal (not bruised) 4 scruples; strain and sweeten...

Take Pomegranate Peels bruised 1 ounce; boil it in 3 pints of Water 'till half be evaporated, adding towards the last Cloves bruised half a dram; Nutmeg 1 dram; strain and add Syrup of dried red Roses 3 ounces; strong Cinnamon Water 4 ounces; Mint Water 1...

Take Sarsa, China, each 3 ounces; yellow and red Sanders, Harts-horn, Ivory, each 6 drams: Infuse according to art, and boil in Water 6 quarts to 6 pints; which strain off, and edulcorate with Sugar to make it palatable.

Take roots of Smalage 2 ounces; Calamus Aromaticus, Bay- berries, each 2 drams; Zedoary, Cubebs, each 1 dram and half; Mace 2 scruples; Galingale, Grains of Paradise, each half a scruple; Dittany of Creet, Penny Royal, each 1 handful; boil in Water 1...

Take Orris root 2 ounces; Agaric (tied up in a piece of Linnen) 4 scruples; dried Tobacco 2 scruples; Hyssop, Thyme, each 1 handful; boil in Water 36 ounces to 28 ounces; strain and add Oxymel simple 4 ounces, mix.

Take Turners Chips of Box Wood, white Bryony root, each half an ounce; Male Piony and wild Valerian roots, each 1 ounce; Stechas flowers 2 drams; Myrrh bruised 1 dram; boil in Water 1 pint and half, (towards the end putting in Juice of Rue 1 ounce;) to 14...

Take Roots of Turmerick, Madder, each 1 ounce; Celandine roots and leaves 2 handfuls; Earth worms (slit open and washed clean) 20; boil in Water and Rhenish Wine (added towards the last) each 1 pint and half to 28 ounces; to the strained Liquor, add...

Take Gum Arabick grosly powdered 3 ounces; boil it in Water (carefully stirring it, least it burn to the Skillet) from 1 quart to 28 ounces; and add Syrup of Marsh Mallows 4 ounces, mix.

Take Roots of Scorzonera 2 ounces; Zedoary half an ounce; Contrayerva, Spanish Angelica, Shavings of Harts-horn and Ivory, each 2 drams; Cochineal whole 4 scruples; boil these in fine, clear Barly Water, from 2 pints and half to 24 ounces; throwing into...

Take Ox Eye Daisy flowers dry'd 1 handful; Snails wiped clean 3; Candied Eryngo Root half an ounce; Pearl Barly 3 drams; boil in Spring Water from 1 pint and half to 1 pint, and strain it out.

Take Diascordium 6 drams; Alexiterial Milk Water 10 ounces; boil to 8 ounces; strain and add Mint Water half an ounce; strong Cinnamon Water 2 ounces; Syrup of Meconium 1 ounce and half; mix up for 3 Doses.

Fracastorius's small Decoction.

Take Diascordium half an ounce; Cochineal 1 scruple; boil (for 2 or 3 Walms) in Water 1 pint; adding Sugar half an ounce; strain through a Flannel, and add Cinnamon Water 2 ounces.

The bitter Febrifuge Decoction.

Take Camomile-flowers dried 2 ounces; Cochineal 16 grains; boil in Water 3 pints to 1 quart; in the strained disslove Salt of Wormwood 2 drams; mix.

Take Senna 3 drams; Cream of Tartar 1 dram; boil in Water 8 ounces to 3; in the strain'd Liquor dissolve Manna half an ounve; Syrup of Succory with Rhubarb 6 drams; Oil of Anniseed 1 drop, mix for a Potion to be Taken in the Morning.

Take Virginia Snake Root powder'd 6 drams; boil it in Water 1 pint to half a pint; strain and reserve the Liquor by it self: boil the remaining root in a pint more of Water to half a pint as before (adding when it is near boiled enough, Cochineal half a...

Take Guaiacum 1 ounce; boil it in Water 2 quarts to 1 quart; adding (when it is half boil'd) Raisins 1 ounce; Spanish Juice of Liquorice 2 drams, and so strain it: Sometimes I add Japanic Earth 2 drams. Sometimes I omit the Raisins and Liquorice, and in...

The Magistral Febrifuge Decoction.

Take fine powder'd Bark of Peru 2 ounces; boil in Water 1 quart to 14 ounces; strain, and to the Mass remaining having poured a quart more of Water, boil it again to 14 ounces; adding (about the middle of the second boiling) Balsam of Tolu 3 drams;...

Take Spring Water 26 ounces; make it boil and then put into it Juice of Lemons, and fine Sugar each 2 ounces; Cochineal 1 scruple; let it continue boiling a very little, so as that the Scum may be taken off, then set it by to depurate, by way of settling,...

The Saline Febrifuge Decoction.

Take Salt of Wormwood 8 scruples; white Sugar 4 ounces; boil these in Water 1 quart and despume.

Take Nitre in Crystals 1 ounce; white Sugar 4 ounces; Cochineal 16 grains or 1 scruple; powder all together, and put it into boiling Water 1 quart; continue it boiling just long enough to scum it, then let it cool, and when its settled decant the clear.